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Special education in India

Special education in India Special education in India

India is a signatory to ‘UN Convention on Rights of Persons with Disabilities’ since 30th March, 2007. Article- 24 of this Convention says, ‘State Parties recognize the right of a person with disability to education and with a view to realizing this right, it shall ensure an inclusive education system at all levels and for that it shall take appropriate measures to train and make available for employment; teachers, professionals and staff who are qualified in the methods of Special Education’.

Such teachers’ training can only be provided by the organizations which are working in the field of special education and run special schools for disabled children. There are many special schools in the country and most are run by non-profit organizations.  These are willing to provide such training but the Universities which are to give affiliation for special teachers’ training courses are totally unaware about Special Education. Their rules, regulations and requirements like land, building, staff etc. applicable for starting a new degree college fully apply for starting such courses as well.

Though regulatory body RCI has clearly prescribed all requirements for starting such courses, universities insist on fulfilling their requirements. It is despite the fact that UGC has come out with multiple notifications from time to time that in case of such professional courses regulations of concerned statutory body, [RCI in this case], only will apply.     It is very difficult to take affiliation with any state university for running such courses.

Meerut Children Welfare Trust, a non- profit organization applied for affiliation to CCS University Meerut to run B Ed Special Education course in Mental Retardation in 2012 and yet to get it.  RCI gave its approval to start the course after due inspection in 2012 itself University staff, individually, has all sympathy with organization and wants to help it but the whole attitude of the system is very callus and disappointing. It has the attitude of controlling and creating hindrance rather than facilitating it.

All notifications and guidelines from U.G.C. and statutory bodies have to be provided to university by applicant organization and still it is very difficult to convince them. There is an urgent need of developing a system to make the universities answerable and for fixing the responsibility in case work is not done in time.  


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Anil Bansal


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